Radio Communication Example for
an IFR Flight from RCSS to RCKH

MDA494 is going to take an IFR flight from Songshan aerodrome (RCSS) to Kaohsiung aerodrome (RCKH). Following example shows a full picture of radio communication between the ATCs and pilots during the flight.

Phrases marked with frames would be variable under different situations.

Basically, a departing flight would be handed-off between ATC positions as following sequence, Delivery → Ground → Tower → Approach → Control. However, smaller airports may not have Delivery or Ground; in case, make the initial contact with Ground or Tower, respectively.

On VATSIM, if DEL, GND and TWR all are not online at the time, initially contact Approach. If there is no Approach as well, initially contact Control. If there is no ATC, self-announcement on UNICOM (122.8MHz) is required.

Step 1) copy ATIS

Songshan Airport, information ALPHA, 1530Z. Expect ILS approach runway 10. NOTAM (eg. runway or taxiway closed). Wind 090 degrees 15 knots, maximum 27 knots. Visibility 10 kilometers or more. Clouds few 1000 feet, broken 3000 feet, overcast 8400 feet. Temperature 28 Dew Point 15. QNH 1018 hectopascals. No SIG. Departure frequency 119.7. Inform Taipei Approach or Songshan Tower on initial contact that you have information ALPHA.

Step 2) After copying the ATIS message, make you initial contact with Songshan Ground (or Delivery if this position is on service) for IFR clearance.

MDA494: Songshan Ground, MDA494 at bay 22 with information ALPHA. Request IFR clearance to Kaohsiung aerodrome, FL140.

Songshan Ground: MDA494, cleared to Kaohsiung aerodrome via SITZE TWO ROMEO departure, W4, SIGANG ONE JULIETT arrival, maintain 5000, Squawk 4301.

MDA494: Cleared to Kaohsiung aerodrome via SITZE TWO ROMEO departure, W4, SIGANG ONE JULIETT arrival, maintain 5000, squawk 4301, MDA494.

Songshan Ground: MDA494, clearance read back correct. Expect runway 10, departure frequency 119.7. 

MDA494: Expect runway 10, departure frequency 119.7, MDA494.

Step 3) When ready to block out, call Songshan Ground for pushing back.

MDA494: MDA494 at bay 22. Request push back and start up.

Songshan Ground: MDA494, start up and push back approved, runway 10.

MDA494: Start up and push back approved, runway 10, MDA494.

Step 4) When ready to taxi, request taxi clearance

MDA494: MDA494, request taxi to runway 10.

Songshan Ground: MDA494, taxi to holding point runway 10 via taxiway Whiskey.

MDA494: Taxi to holding point runway 10 via taxiway Whiskey, MDA494.

(While approaching the holding point of the runway)

Songshan Ground: MDA494, contact Songshan Tower 118.1, good day

MDA494: Contact Songshan Tower 118.1, good day, MDA494.

Step 5) Contact Songshan Tower, which is in charge of runway usage in an airport.

MDA494: Songshan Tower, MDA494 with you on Whiskey, ready for departure.

Songshan Tower: MDA494, Songshan Tower roger, hold short of runway 10 for inbound traffic.

MDA494: Hold short of runway 10, MDA494.

Songshan Tower: MDA494, runway 10, wind 090 degrees 15 knots, maximum 27 knots cleared for takeoff.

MDA494: Runway 10, cleared for takeoff, MDA494.

(After airborne)

Songshan Tower: MDA494, contact Taipei Departure 119.7, good day.

MDA494: Contact Taipei Departure 119.7, good day, MDA494.

Step 6) Contact Taipei Approach for the en route services in terminal area.

MDA494: Taipei Approach, MDA494, passing 1500 to 5000.

Taipei Approach: MDA494, Taipei Approach, radar contact. Climb and maintain flight level 140.

MDA494: Climb and maintain flight level 140, MDA494.

(While approaching the border of this sector)

Taipei Approach: MDA494, contact Kaohsiung Approach 124.7, good day.

MDA494: Contact Kaohsiung Approach 124.7, good day, MDA494.

Step 7) Contact Kaohsiung Sector of Kaohsiung Approach for the services in terminal area of the destination.

(If the destination airport has ATIS, pilots should copy it and report the designator on board to the approach. Since VATSIM does not provide the weather information of other airports, such as RCFN, we will omit this part.)

MDA494: Kaohsiung Approach, MDA494 at flight level 140.

Kaohsiung Approach: MDA494, Kaohsiung Approach, expect ILS runway 09 approach.

MDA494: expect ILS runway 09 approach, MDA494.

(When it is about to descend)

Kaohsiung Approach: MDA494, descend and maintain 7000, Kaohsiung QNH 1018.

MDA494: Descend and maintain 7000, QNH 1018, MDA494.

(With “maintaining current heading” instruction, ATC can let aircraft descend not below MVA instead of the MEA of ST2R SID)

(When it is about for further descent)

Kaohsiung Approach: MDA494, continue descend and maintain 4000.

MDA494: Continue descend and maintain 4000, MDA494.

(Before the aircraft reaching KIZIN-IAF)

Kaohsiung Approach: MDA494, when ready, descend and maintain 3000, cross KIZIN at or above 3000, cleared ILS runway 09 approach, report localizer established.

MDA494: When ready, descend and maintain 3000, cross KIZIN at or above 3000, cleared ILS runway 09 approach, we will report localizer established, MDA494.

(When established on the localizer)

MDA494: Localizer established, MDA494.

Kaohsiung Approach: MDA494, contact Kaohsiung Tower 118.7, good day

MDA494: Contact Kaohsiung Tower 118.7, good day

Step 8) Contact RCKH Tower on the final approach course

MDA494: Kaohsiung Tower, MDA494, established runway 09, final 11DME.

Kaohsiung Tower: MDA494, Kaohsiung Tower, runway 09, wind 020 degrees 4 knots, cleared to land.

(On the first contact with Tower during arrival, Tower would report surface wind and QNH, and pilots should read back QNH. Since VATSIM does not provide the weather information at other airports, such as RCFN, we will not mention about the weather here.)

MDA494: Runway 09, cleared to land, MDA494.

(After landing and deceleration)

Kaohsiung Tower: MDA494, vacate via C, turn right to join taxiway S, contact Kaohsiung Ground 121.9, good day.

MDA494: C and S, contact Ground 121.9, good day, MDA494.

Step 9) Taxi to parking

MDA494: Kaohsiung Ground, MDA494, on taxiway Sierra, request taxi to the bay 14.

Kaohsiung Ground: MDA, taxi to bay 14 via taxiway Sierra, Golf, Hotel to bay 14.

MDA494: Taxi to bay 14 via taxiway Sierra, Golf, Hotel, MDA494.

Step 10) When Ground Marshall is available (GSX) for parking

Kaohsiung Ground: MDA494, taxi via taxiway Sierra, Golf, Hotel, follow Ground Marshall for parking.

MDA494: Taxi taxiway Sierra, Golf, Hotel, follow Ground Marshall, MDA494.

松山(RCSS)至高雄(RCKH)儀器飛行無線電通訊範例

本文件為華信494號班機(MDA494)透過儀航程序自松山(RCSS)至高雄(RCKH)全程的無線電通訊範例。

通常一架離場的航機會以下述順序接受航空管制的服務:許可頒發席(Delivery)→地面管制席(Ground)→塔臺(Tower)→近場管制臺(Approach)→區域管制中心(Control)。一些規模較小的機場中並沒有許可頒發席或地面管制席,在這樣的情況下地面管制或塔臺將會是離場航機最先聯繫的席位。

在VATSIM中,若塔臺以下的席位皆未上線,請聯繫該區域的近場管制臺請求本場服務;若近場管制臺亦未上線,則向該區域的區管中心請求終端區域的服務。若該區域無任何上線的管制員,則在UNICOM(122.8MHz)與其他同區域的飛行員協調。

以下範例中,底線標示部份代表其內容將根據實際狀況而有所不同。

步驟 1) 抄收ATIS (終端資料自動廣播服務)

Songshan Airport, information ALPHA, 1530Z. Expect ILS approach runway 10. NOTAM (eg. runway or taxiway closed). Wind 090 degrees 15 knots, maximum 27 knots. Visibility 10 kilometers or more. Clouds few 1000 feet, broken 3000 feet, overcast 8400 feet. Temperature 28 Dew Point 15. QNH 1018 hectopascals. No SIG. Departure frequency 119.7. Inform Taipei Approach or Songshan Tower on initial contact that you have information ALPHA.

並非所有的機場都有ATIS。在有提供ATIS的機場,飛行員應抄收ATIS報文並告知本場管制員所擁有的報文版本。若機場無ATIS (如豐年機場),管制員將於離場航空器滑出前告知相關資料。

步驟 2) 抄收ATIS後,聯繫松山地面管制席 (Songshan Ground) 申請儀器航行許可 (IFR clearance) 。 (在有許可頒發席的機場中,儀航許可需向許可頒發席申請)

華信494: 松山地面,華信494於22號機位,請求儀器飛航許可至高雄小港機場,飛航空層140。

松山地面席: 華信494,許可至高雄經由SITZE TWO ROMEO 離場, W4航路, SIGANG ONE JULIETT 到場, 初始爬升高度5000, 雷達電碼4301.

華信494: 許可至高雄經由SITZE TWO ROMEO 離場, W4航路, SIGANG ONE JULIETT 到場, 初始爬升高度5000, 雷達電碼4301, 華信494。

松山地面席: 華信494,許可覆誦正確。預計使用10跑道,離場頻率

為119.7。

華信494: 預計使用10跑道,離場頻率為119.7,華信494。

步驟 3) 當準備好後推時,向臺南地面管制席申請後推開車許可。

華信494: 松山地面,華信494於22號機位,請求後推開車許可。

松山地面席: 華信494,同意後推開車,10跑道,高度表撥定值1018。

華信494: 同意後推開車,10跑道,高度表撥定值1018,華信494。

步驟 4) 後推開車完畢後,申請滑行許可。

華信494: 松山地面,華信494請求滑行。

松山地面席: 華信494滑行至10跑道等待點經由滑行道W。

華信494: 滑行至10跑道等待點經由滑行道W,華信494。

步驟 5) 當接近起飛跑道外等待點時,根據地面管制席指示後聯繫塔臺。塔臺為負責本場跑道利用與機場航線管制的席位。

松山地面席: 華信494 換松山塔台管制118.1聯絡,再見。

華信494: 換松山塔台管制118.1聯絡,謝謝再見。

(無線電頻率轉換)

華信494: 松山塔台,華信494於滑行道W上,準備好離場了。

松山塔台席: 華信494,松山塔台收到,10跑道外等待,五邊一架相關到場航情。

華信494: 10跑道外等待,華信494。

松山塔台席: 華信494,松山塔台10跑道,風090,15哩,最大風27哩 許可起飛。

華信494: 許可起飛,華信494。

步驟 6) 航空器升空後,根據塔臺管制員指示聯繫近場管制臺。近場管制臺提供航空器在終端區域飛航的管制服務。

松山塔台席: 華信494,換台北離場管制119.7聯絡。

華信494: 換台北離場119.7,華信494。

(無線電頻率轉換)

華信494: 台北離場,華信494,爬升通過1500至5000。

台北近場席:華信494,台北近場,雷達看到你。繼續爬高保持飛航空層140。

華信494: 爬高保持飛航空層140,華信494。

當巡航空層高於FL200或為國際線航班時,近場管制臺會將航機交接至區域管制中心,由區域管制中心繼續提供管制服務。惟本例中,航空器僅在飛航空層140巡航,故只會在不同頻率的近場臺間交接。

步驟 7) 接近目的地機場之終端空域時,利用機上另一套VHF無線電抄收目的地機場的ATIS,高雄ATIS 127.8

步驟8) 根據航管指示聯繫高雄近場席,該席位將提供到場終端區域的服務。

台北近場席:華信494,換高雄近場管制124.7,再見。

華信494: 換高雄近場管制124.7,謝謝服務,再見。

(無線電頻率轉換)

華信494: 高雄近場,華信494,保持飛航空層140。

高雄進場席: 華信494,高雄近場,預計使用ILS09跑道儀器到場。

華信494: 預計使用ILS09跑道儀器到場,華信494。

(到了要下降的時機)

高雄進場席: 華信494,下降保持7000,高雄高度表撥定值1018。

華信494: 下降保持7000,撥定值1018,華信494。

高雄進場席: 華信494,繼續下降保持4000。

華信494: 繼續下降保持4000,華信494。

(在到達最初進場點KIZIN (IAF)前)

高雄進場席: 華信494,準備好下降保持3000, 通過KIZIN保持3000或以上,許可ILS09跑道儀器進場。回報欄上左右定位台。

華信494: 通過KIZIN保持3000或以上,許可ILS09跑道儀器進場,回報攔截上左右定位台,華信494。

(攔截上左右定位台)

步驟 9) 當攔截上左右定位臺(localizer)進入第五邊的進場階段時,根據管制員指示聯繫高雄塔臺。

華信494: 已攔上左右定位台,華信494。

高雄進場席: 華信494,換高雄塔台管制118.7聯絡。

華信494: 換高雄塔台管制118.7聯絡,華信494。

(無線電頻率轉換)

華信494: 高雄塔台,華信494,已攔上localizer 09跑道,11 DME。

高雄塔臺席: 華信494,09跑道,風020,4哩,許可落地。

華信494: 09跑道,許可落地,華信494。

步驟 10) 落地並減速後,根據航管指示聯繫地面管制臺以取得滑行至停機坪之指示

高雄塔臺席:華信494,由C滑行道脫離,右轉加入S,換高雄地面管制121.9聯絡。

華信494: 高雄地面,華信494,脫離跑道,請求14號停機位。

高雄地面席: 華信494,滑行至14號登機門經由滑行道S, G, H。

華信494: 滑行至14號登機門經由滑行道S, G, H,華信494。

步驟 10) 如有地面地勤人員引導 (GSX)

高雄地面席: 華信494,滑行經由滑行道S, G, H,跟隨地面地勤引導,再見。

華信494: 滑行經由S, G, H,跟隨地面地勤引導,謝謝再見。

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